The National Parks in India offer a variety of natural habitats that range from desert to rain forest and are home to a diversity of wildlife. There are more than 500 species of mammals, over 2,000 species of birds, around 30,000 species of insects and more than 500 species of reptiles and amphibians. Adventure Tours of India arranges wildlife tours to National Parks in India, so you can see the wild riches of India. The total area of India's protected reserve is 90,000 sq km, which constitutes 3% of the country's land area and 12% of its total forest area.
India is one of the most densely populated parts of the globe with humans and wild animals living in close proximity to one another. India's diverse wildlife base is the second largest in the world, and there are currently 441 Wildlife Sanctuaries and 80 National Parks in India. It is home to the largest number of tigers and one-horned rhinoceros in the world, as well as the almost extinct Asiatic Lion in the Gir sanctuary in Gujarat.
Unique, still mysterious and forever fascinating, National Parks in India have an amazing variety of wildlife ranging from teeming insects colonies to herds of deer and elephant. In the north the legendary snow-capped Himalayan ranges house rare and elusive creatures such as snow leopard, musk deer, ibex and pheasants of all descriptions.
The Thar, also called the Great Indian Desert, sprawls between India and Pakistan in the northwest and supports a surprising variety of hardy plants and animals, several found nowhere else in earth. Towards the east, bordering Bhutan, Bangladesh and Burma, cloud forests and swamps shelter life forms ranging from tigers, elephants, rhinos and gibbons to the largest moth and some of the rarest orchids in the world.
The lower slopes and foothills of the Himalayas, clothed in verdant coniferous forests and grasslands, are the last refuge of several endangered plant and animal species. The great floodplains of the Indus, Ganga and Brahmaputra Rivers are still among the most fertile areas in the world.
The Western Ghats, an ancient chain of hills running from north to south, fringing the western coast of India, are perhaps the last hope for some of Asia's densest rain forests. In the scrub and grasslands of the Deccan Plateau, naturalists have rediscovered Jerdon's double-branded courser, a ground bird, which was presumed extinct for nearly 80 years. Running all along the peninsula's coastline are some of the world's finest and most indiscriminately exploited coral formations, sand bars and mangroves.
There is a growing awareness of the necessity of conservation and preservation of India's wildlife. Conservation efforts have found a prominent place in India's wildlife protection policies and the Indian government has taken a more progressive attitude towards the protection of wildlife with the creation of wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks in India.
Some of the famous National Parks in India that you can visit on Adventure Tours to India are: